IED Blast Exposed Vets and Pro Footballers show similar damage


Researchers reported on a case study series involving four military veterans with a mean age of 32.3 years and known exposure to blast and concussive injuries who were compared with four amateur athletes with histories of repetitive concussive injuries, mean age of 20.8 years, and a comparison group of four normal subjects with no known exposure to blast or concussive injuries with a mean age of 20.5. Here’s what the study revealed:

  • The brains of all four veterans revealed “CTE-linked neuropathology characterized by perivascular foci of tau-immunoreactive neurofibrillary tangles and glial tangles in the inferior frontal, dorsolateral frontal, parietal, and temporal cortices”.
  • The pathology observed in veterans was largely similar to CTE findings in the brains of the four young athletes in the study.
  • Such findings were readily differentiated from neuropathologies associated with Alzheimer’s and other neurodegenerative disorders. By contrast, the four control group cases showed no signs of CTE.

The study can be found in Neurology Today, Volume 12 (12), June 21, 2012, p 1-17

Click here to read the MilHealth synopsis of the study:


tag lines: brain injury in veterans, CTE, multiple concussions



About Rolf Gainer Ph.D.

Dr. Rolf Gainer is the founder of the Neurologic Rehabilitation Institute at Brookhaven Hospital in Tulsa, Oklahoma as well as the Neurological Rehabilitation Institute of Ontario, in Toronto, Canada. Dr. Gainer is a psychologist with more than twenty-five years of experience in the treatment and rehabilitation of individuals with brain injuries and a dual diagnosis. Dr. Gainer has designed and operated innovative rehabilitation programs in the United States and Canada for individuals who have been regarded as difficult to serve. He is currently involved in conducting two outcome studies related to the long-term issues faced by individuals with brain injuries and a dual diagnosis. He has presented papers throughout the United States and Canada in many professional conferences and educational forums.

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