Epileptic Medication Compliance Affects Longevity

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According to Edward Faught, M.D. of the University of Alabama at Birmingham and colleagues, a review of Medicaid databases in three states showed that individuals who took their epilepsy medication less than 80% of the time were three times more likely to die (Phend, 2008). Furthermore the study also showed that irregular medication use can also be associated with an 86% increase in hospital admission and 50% more emergency department visits. Phend reports:

Irregularity in the use of anti-epileptics was also associated during nonadherent periods with the following:

  • 50% higher incidence of emergency department visits (incidence rate ratio 1.50, 95% CI 1.49 to 1.52)
  • 86% higher incidence of hospitalization (IRR 1.86, 95% CI 1.84 to 1.88).
  • Two-fold higher incidence of motor vehicle accident-related injuries (IRR 2.08, 95% CI 1.81 to 2.39).
  • 21% higher incidence of fractures (IRR 1.21, 95% CI 1.18 to 1.23).
  • No increase in head injuries (IRR 0.73, 95% CI 0.72 to 0.75).

Click here to read the full article in MedPage Today

About Rolf Gainer Ph.D.

Dr. Rolf Gainer is the founder of the Neurologic Rehabilitation Institute at Brookhaven Hospital in Tulsa, Oklahoma as well as the Neurological Rehabilitation Institute of Ontario, in Toronto, Canada. Dr. Gainer is a psychologist with more than twenty-five years of experience in the treatment and rehabilitation of individuals with brain injuries and a dual diagnosis. Dr. Gainer has designed and operated innovative rehabilitation programs in the United States and Canada for individuals who have been regarded as difficult to serve. He is currently involved in conducting two outcome studies related to the long-term issues faced by individuals with brain injuries and a dual diagnosis. He has presented papers throughout the United States and Canada in many professional conferences and educational forums.
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